Royal Premiere Health Care

What is Hypertension?

BLOOD PRESSURE is the pressure of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of your body.

Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, but it can damage your heart and cause health problems if it stays high for a long time.

Hypertension is called ESSENTIAL or primary when no cause for the blood pressure can be found. When the cause of hypertension is known, such as kidney disease and tumors, it is called SECONDARY hypertension. About 95% of all people with high blood pressure have essential hypertension.

How do I know that I have hypertension?

One of the sneaky things about high blood pressure is that you can have it for a long time without symptoms. That’s why it is important for you to check your blood pressure at least once a year.

If you do have symptoms, they may be:

  • Headache
  • Getting tired easily
  • Dizziness
  • Nosebleeds
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Although it happens rarely, the first symptom may be a stroke.

How to control my blood pressure?

If your blood pressure is above normal, you might be able to bring it down to a normal level without medicine. Weight loss, changes in your diet, and exercise could be the only treatment you need. If you also have diabetes, you may need additional treatment.

If these lifestyle changes do not lower your blood pressure enough, your health care provider may prescribe medicine. Some of the types of medicines that can help are diuretics, blockers inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and vasodilators. These medicines work in different ways. Many people need to take two or more medicines to bring their blood pressure down to a healthy level.

When you start taking medicine, it is important to:

  • Take the medicine regularly, exactly as prescribed.
  • Tell your health care provider about any side effects right away.
  • Have regular follow-up visits with your health care provider.

It might not be possible to know at first which drug or combination of drugs will work best for you. It may take several weeks or months to find the best treatment for you. You may need treatment for high blood pressure for the rest of your life. However, proper treatment can control your blood pressure and help to prevent or delay problems. If you already have some complications, lowering your blood pressure may make their effects less severe.

control blood pressure

How can I take care of myself?

Your treatment will be much more effective if you follow these guidelines:

  • Always follow your health care provider’s instructions for taking medicines.
  • Check your blood pressure as often as your health care provider advises and keep a chart of the readings.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Follow a diet that is low in fat, cholesterol, red meat, and sweets while emphasizing fruits, vegetables, wholegrain products, fish, poultry, nuts, and low-fat keys.
  • Avoid adding extra salt to food.
  • Get regular exercise like walking, biking, or swimming for at least 30 minutes 3 to 5 times a week.
  • Limit the amount of alcohol you drink: 1 drink a day for women and up to 2 drinks for men.
  • Limit the amount of caffeine you drink.
  • Try to reduce the stress in your life or learn how to deal better with situations that make you feel anxious.

Taking precautions is a good thing, but meanwhile you should consult a doctor for proper prescription. RPHC provides you home care services Dubai. All you need to do is just make a call on +971 4 244 7574 or reach us via Email : [email protected] We are available 24×7 for your well being.